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WordPress Interview Questions and Answers

By Umesh Singh
Last update: 04 Jul 2020, 71 Questions

Are your websites and blog lovers? Then you must know about WordPress. You would learn prominent WordPress interview questions on our platform. It is an interface that makes creating and designing websites, blogs very easy. It is a popular content management system that has been used to build 34% websites globally to date. The best thing about using this CMS is that you don’t need to be a tech geek to develop a dynamic website.

The theme-based nature makes integration of free and premium design themes wake on the cake. WordPress is multilingual, SEO-friendly offers multiple plugins to work on, and has an inbuilt Media Management System.

About WordPress
What is WordPress? It is a web application that allows website managers to manage their website and publish content even if they do not have any programming knowledge.
What is the latest version of WordPress? 5.4, released on March 31st, 2020
Created By Matt Mullenweg
What language does WordPress use? PHP
WordPress License GNU Public License
Official Website https://wordpress.org/

Most Frequently Asked WordPress Interview Questions

2. What are WordPress hooks?

It is provided by WordPress to allow your plugin to ' hook into' the whole WordPress; that is, to call functions in the plugin at particular times according to your need and thereby set your plugin in motion.

There are two kinds of hooks:
  • Actions hook
  • Filters hook
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3. What are the difference between action hook and filter in WordPress?
1. Actions Hook

Actions Hook are triggered by particular events that take place in WordPress such as changing themes, publishing a post, or displaying an administration screen. It is a custom PHP function defined in your plugin and hooked, i.e., set to respond, to some of these events.

Actions offently do one or more of the following things

  • Modify database data
  • Send an email message
  • Modify the generated administration screen or front end page sent to a user web browser.

Here are some Actions Functions listed

  • has_action()
  • do_action()
  • add_action()
  • remove_action() etc
2. Filters Hook

Filters Hook are functions that WordPress passes data through, at certain points in execution, just before taking some action with the data. It sits between the database and the browser and between the browser and the database; all most all input and output in WordPress pass through at least one filter hook.

The necessary steps to add your filters to WordPress are listed:

  • Create the PHP function that filters the data
  • Hook to the screen in WordPress, by calling add_filter()
  • Put your PHP function in a plugin file and activate it.

Here are some Filters Functions listed

  • has_filter()
  • doing_filter()
  • add_filter()
  • remove_filter() etc
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4. What are basic steps to install WordPress on your system?
  • Download and unzip the latest WordPress from its official website.
  • Create database for WordPress
  • Find and rename wp-config-sample.php to wp-config.php, then add your database information.
  • Upload the WordPress files on your web server
  • Run the URL in browser
  • Set the basic informations like site title, username and password after that you can use this.
5. How many default tables are in WordPress?
There are altogether 12 tables by default in WordPress.
  • wp_options
  • wp_users
  • wp_links
  • wp_commentmeta
  • wp_term_relationships
  • wp_postmeta
  • wp_posts
  • wp_termmeta
  • wp_term_taxonomy
  • wp_usermeta
  • wp_terms
  • wp_comments
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6. How many types of users Role in WordPress? Explain

We can make many types of user types of role.

  • Administrator Role
  • Author Role
  • Editor Role
  • Subscriber Role
  • Contributor Role
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7. How to get a website URL in WordPress?

get_site_url( int $blog_id = null, string $path = '', string $scheme = null )

All parameters are optional.

This command is used to retrieve URLs for a given website with WP application files accessible.

echo get_site_url();

8. How to secure in our WordPress site?
Here are some practical ways:
  • Use a unique username and password
  • Use precautions against Brute force
  • Keep the versions, plugins, and themes updated.
  • Prevent from viruses and malware.
  • Also you can use wordpress security plugins
9. How to change the homepage URL in WordPress?

Here are the steps to successfully change the Homepage URL in Wordpress. Go to the function.php file in your WP theme and use this code:

function redirect_homepage() {
   if( ! is_home() && ! is_front_page() )
   return;
   wp_redirect( 'http://siteurl.com/news', 301 );
   exit;
}
add_action( 'template_redirect', 'redirect_homepage' );

10. How we can change table prefix ( wp_ ) in WordPress?

We can do it 2 ways

  • Before installation : Go to wp_config.php file and rename $table_prefix = 'wp_'; whatever you want.
  • After installation : Go to phpmyadmin -> select your databse -> check all tables -> Add/Update table prefix.
11. How to display custom Post in WordPress?

$args = array( 'post_type' => 'blog', 'posts_per_page' => 10 );
$loop = new WP_Query( $args );
while ( $loop->have_posts() ) : $loop->the_post();
   the_title();
   echo '<div class="entry-content">';
     the_content();
   echo '</div>';
endwhile;

12. What are the importers in WordPress?

In Wordpress, an importer is a tool, which is used to migrate content from an existing WP website to another one. This tool can also be used to move a website from the localhost, i.e. local server to an online hosted server.

Using WordPress importer, you can migrate different data like:

  • New Posts, pages, or other custom created post types
  • Comments in posts
  • Custom fields and post metadata
  • Categories, tags, and other terms from custom taxonomies section
  • Authors on the website
13. How to create a webhook URL WordPress?

In WP, Webhooks let you develop simplified push notifications. This is basically an HTTP POST, which is triggered by some specific action. It is very beneficial as a feature for developers who want to get some data from specific actions that occur in a blog.

Here's how to create a Webhook:
  • Go to Settings, then click on Webhooks
  • A form like the one below shows, fill it up and create a new webhook

14. How to create custom Post In WordPress?

Custom posts types in WordPress are the new post types that developers can create. You can add a custom post type via the register_post_type() function, which allows the developers to define the new post type by labels, features, and availability.

Or we can also create custom post type with the helps of plugins.

  • Custom Post Type UI
  • Custom Field
15. What is shortcode in WordPress? How we can use it?

Shortcodes in WordPress are specific codes that allow the developers to do various tasks with minimal effort. Shortcodes are used to simplify tasks such as creating objects or embedding files that require lots of coding in a single line. A Shortcode is synonymous to the shortcut. WordPress has five built-in shortcodes- audio, embed, caption, video, and gallery.

Example

                                                    

1. You can call shortcode function like this :
echo do_shortcode('[display_related_posts]');

2. In your function.php you can make
function display_related_posts($array = array()) {
      return 'BestInterviewQuestion.com';
}
add_shortcode('display_related_posts', 'display_related_posts');

17. How to add custom dynamic sidebars in WordPress?

A Sidebar in WordPress is an area where widgets can be used with a theme and this area is also termed as a Widgetized area. In WordPress, sidebar is created by using a function named as register_sidebar() function. The widget zed area should be registered in WordPress supported the theme as they are presentational. The sidebar function takes only one argument of an associative array of parameters that set the options for the widget area. Wrap $args array and register_sidebar() both are separate functions that can be called on ‘widgets_init’ hooks. In short, with the use of register_sidebar() method/ function users can add sidebars to WordPress. Syntax code for the creation of sidebar-

$args = array(
   'name' => __( 'Sidebar name', 'theme_text_domain' ),
   'id' => 'unique-sidebar-id',
   'description' => '',
   'class' => '', 'before_widget' => '<li id="%1$s" class="widget %2$s">',
   'after_widget' => '</li>',
   'before_title' => '<h2 class="widgettitle">',
   'after_title' => '</h2>'

);

18. How to Create a Widget in WordPress?

Widget is defined as a configurable code snippet which makes it possible to customize the functionality and appearance of a WordPress blog. Users can access the widgets page form the appearance menu effectively. Widgets in WordPress allow you to drag and drop the elements into the sidebar of your website. WordPress is featured with a standard set of widgets that you can use with any theme of WordPress. In order to create a customer widget in WordPress, it is important for the customers.

  • In order to create a site-specific plugin, paste the code functions .php file (theme’s file)
  • add your code to appearance >> widgets pages
  • register with ‘wpb_widget’ and load customer widgets
19. In WordPress, what do you mean by a child theme?

The extension of any parent theme present in WordPress is defined as a child theme. Any update to undo the changes in the child theme, if we make changes to the parent theme. While developers work on a child theme, the customizations and changes will be preserved on an update.

20. How to enable debug mode in WordPress?

To enable debug mode in WordPress, developers have to edit the wp-config.php file and change the WP_DEBUG constant value to true condition.

21. Explain the template tags in WordPress.

The template tags are basically PHP functions used to display dynamic information or customized blog template. Here is a list of some of the generally used template tags in WordPress.

Different template tags in WordPress
  • wp_register()
  • get_header()
  • wp_title()
  • get_sidebar()
  • get_the_author()
  • wp_enqueue_script()
  • category_description()
  • wp_list_authors()
  • get_bookmarks()
22. How to take backup of our WordPress website?

There are three ways to back up a WordPress website thoroughly.

1. Backup Through Hosting

Hosting providers offer service that completes daily, complete backups to your WordPress website.

2. Backup Files Manually

We have to download the entire WordPress directory via cPanel or SFTP program. We can also use WordPress database to backup website data manually.

3. Automated Backup with Plugins

There are many secure and easy to use WordPress backup plugins available for your use. Just install, configure few settings and you are ready to go. Few of them are: BackupBuddy Premium, BackWPup Free WordPress Plugin, Duplicator Free WordPress Plugin, UpdraftPlus Backup and Restoration Free WordPress Plugin, WordPress Backup to Dropbox Free WordPress Plugin, etc.

23. What is WordPress?

It is a web application that allows website managers to manage their website and publish content even if they do not have any programming knowledge. WordPress uses PHP and MySQL, which are supported by most of the web hosts. A WordPress site can be built into an e-commerce store, newspaper website, portfolio, etc.

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24. What is the latest version of WordPress?

The latest version of WordPress is 5.3 and it is released on November 12, 2019.

25. What are limitations of WordPress?

You can use wordpress like a CMS not Framework. If you want to use as CMS or managing blog system then no one can beat Wordpress but if we want to develop a customized system then we have to use Framework.

Here are some limitation of wordpress.

  • Difficulty in customization.
  • Not easy to database migration with other CMS or Frameworks.
  • WordPress and Plugins needs frequent updates
  • Not Secure
  • It can be expensive
  • Not so SEO friendly
  • In WordPress Customization needs Coding etc
26. What is theme?

A theme in WordPress is a collection of files that work together to produce a graphical interface with an underlying unifying design for web pages. These files are called template files and theme modifies the way the site is displayed, without changing the core files. It includes image files, customized template files, style sheets, custom Pages. etc

Themes are located in the Administration Screen > Appearance > Themes as additional selections.

27. What is plugin? list some important WordPress plugin?

WordPress plugins are a type of apps that allows you to add more functionality and features to your WordPress website just like the same way as apps do for your smartphone. Plugins allow you to create any type of the site with WordPress, not just blogs. Nowadays plugins are very popular.

There are lots of plugins are available that listed below:-
  • Yoast SEO Plugin (This plugins are used for SEO purpose.)
  • Contact Form 7 (This plugins is used to make web forms with any code)
  • Sitemap & URLs Plugins
  • All In One WP Security & Firewall etc
Advantages of WordPress Plugins
  • Helps in SEO
  • Ease Of Use and Quick Installation Process
  • It helps in to Keep Secure
  • Strong Community Support
  • Helps to use advanced features of WordPress
29. How do you create a page template?

We can create templates for various purpose like if we want to make a different layout rather than a home page or if we want to display custom posts types like news than we can create a template and merely display all news there.

Steps to create template in wordpress themes.

  • Create a news.php file on root in theme folder.
  • Insert get_header(); and get_footer(); in news.php page
  • Add in top of this created page. Now this template name is "News Template".
30. How to make any others pages to front page in WordPress?

To make your static page as a front page you have to follow these steps

  • Goto Admin Panel
  • Select "A Static Page"
  • Choose you page from "Front page" section
  • Now your selected page from Front Page is set default front page.

 

Wordpress Interview Questions

 

32. Why WordPress is the best CMS?

WordPress is the best CMS in the world because of its features and advantages. It offers an open source environment which makes it completely free to manage and install.

There are many reasons why WordPress is considered the best CMS. Some of them are listed below:

  • Available huge Themes and Plugins
  • SEO Friendliness and Security
  • Open source and Free of Cost
  • A large community of developers and users
  • Inbuilt Admin User Interface and its Speed
33. What are the difference between post and page in WordPress?

In WordPress, Posts is a dynamic entity that has a published or updated date and is displayed on the blog page.

Example: news, events etc

Pages do not have published or updated date. Hence there are useful for the static and timeless type of content.

Example, the “About Us” or “Contact Us”

The difference between pages and posts is that the WordPress page is a static entity and post is a dynamic entity.

34. How we can disable comments in WordPress?
  • Goto admin panel -> setting -> click on the Discussion tab
  • Under Default article settings uncheck the box next to Allow people to post comments on new articles
  • Now click on Save Setting
35. Explain the usermeta function in WordPress.

This function is used by developers to retrieve the metadata of users. The usermeta function is capable to return an array or single metadata. The following syntax needs to be used to apply usermeta function.

get_user_meta( int $user_id, string $key = '', bool $single = false )

36. Explain Avatar in WordPress?

Avatar or Gravatar is an icon or representation of a user in a shared virtual reality, such as chat, forum, website or any other form of online community in which the user wants to have something to distinguish themselves from other users.

It usually an 80px by 80px image that the user will create by ownself.

37. What should basic steps when our WordPress site hacked?

WordPress platform is one of the most used CMS platforms on the web. Hence the security of this CSM plays an imperative role. For the protection of WordPress data, it is important to implement standard security policies in WordPress by analyzing the existing loopholes. Following are the steps that should need to perform when your WordPress platform will be hacked-

  • Stay calm and search for an optimal solution
  • Try to locate the hack
  • Contact your hosting company
  • Hire an IT professional who is having the expertise of InfoSec
  • Restore various WordPress versions
  • Identify, scan and remove the malware
  • Check your access permissions
  • Change security principles (password and secret keys)
38. What is Category in WordPress?

A category is one of the predefined taxonomies in WordPress, and it is used to sort and group content into different sections. In new WordPress installation, "Uncategorized" is the default category. We can change the default category from Settings -> Writing screen. In WordPress post can be filed under many categories and can have both tags and categories.

For Example

 

WordPress Interview Questions

39. What is Tag in WordPress? Explain

A tag is one of the pre-defined taxonomy in WordPress. You can add tags to posts along with categories in WordPress. Tags are smaller in scope and focused on specific topics.

40. How to change the default length of the excerpt in WordPress?

To change the default length of the excerpt in WordPress, we have to insert the below-mentioned syntax to the functions.php file and edit the amount of the words that we desire to be displayed in our excerpts.

add_filter( 'excerpt_length', function($length) {
    return X;
} );

Here above X is the number of words to be displayed.

41. What are the difference between Tag & Category in WordPress?

WordPress Interview Questions

 

In WordPress categories are hierarchical which means terms can have a relationship with each other like child and parent.
Example: You could have a Category called India, and under India, you could have categories called Delhi, Haryana, and U.P. Categories means for broad grouping of posts.

But Tags are NOT hierarchical which means no relationship between them. Tags means to describe specific details posts.

42. How we can install plugins in WordPress?

The quickest way to install plugins on WordPress is through plugin search.

Here are the steps:
  • On the admin page of your site, click "Plugins," and "Add New."
  • Search for plugins by typing the name or functionality.
  • You may see a couple of listings
  • Just select the plugin that you want and click ‘Install Now.’
  • WordPress will download and install the selected plugin.
43. How do I update my wordpress website?

There are two ways to update your WordPress - one-click update and manual update.

1. One-click update

All versions of WordPress from 2.7 onwards have this feature. You can update by going to the Dashboard and clicking "Updates" screen. On "Update WordPress," click "Update Now" for initiating the process.

2. Manual Update

  • Replace your WordPress files
  • Download and unpack the latest zip file.
  • Deactivate plugins and delete old wp-includes and wp-admin directories on your host.
  • Using FTP, upload new wp-includes and wp-admin directories.
  • Upload individual files from a new wp-content folder, and overwrite existing files. Do NOT delete existing wp-content folder or files and folders in the current wp-content directory.
  • Next, upload new files from the root directory of the latest version to your current directory.
44. What are the steps to install WordPress theme?

Here are the steps:

  • In login dashboard, click "Appearance" "Theme" and "Add New."
  • On the top of your screen, click “Upload.” Click “Browse,” and select.ZIP file for a downloaded extension.
45. What is custom fields in WordPress?

Custom fields are metadata used to include additional information about a post or page, like author name, title, date and time, etc. By default, the custom fields option in WordPress is hidden on the "edit" screen. If you want to see it, click ‘Screen Options’ at the top and enable "custom fields."

46. What is config file in WordPress?

wp-config.php is the most important file in WordPress installation. It links the database and files on your WordPress site together. Located in the root of WordPress file directory, wp-config.php contains configuration details, including database connection information.

47. What is taxonomy in WordPress? Explain

Taxonomies in WordPress are used to group posts and post types together. Custom taxonomies can help developers create groups and bring them under one head.

There are 4 in-built taxonomies in WordPress- Category, Tag, Link Category, and Post Formats.

48. Is WordPress website is secure?

A WordPress site is like any other website or application and has security threats. In order to strengthen your WordPress’s security, you can consider implementing a Secure Socket Layer (SSL) certificate.

49. What is widgets in WordPress?

In WordPress, Widgets are small blocks that perform specific functions. Different types of widgets are available in sidebars. Originally, widgets were designed to provide an easy way to design and structure the WordPress theme.

50. Where do I insert Google Analytics code in WordPress?

While there are different ways to add Google Analytics your WordPress site, here are the 3 most common ones:

  • Through MonsterInsights
  • By inserting plugins for Headers and Footers
  • By installing Google Analytics in the WordPress Theme
51. How to display menu in WordPress?

After registering your menus, use wp_nav_menu() to inform your theme where to display your menus. You can add this code to a header.php file for displaying the registered header-menu:
wp_nav_menu( array( 'theme_location' => 'header-menu' ) );

Example

                                                    

wp_nav_menu( array $args = array(
   'menu' => "",
   'menu_class' => "",
   'menu_id' => "",
   'container' => "",
   'container_class' => "",
   'container_id' => "",
   'fallback_cb' => "",
   'before' => "",
   'after' => "",
   'link_before' => "",
   'link_after' => "",
   'echo' => "",
   'depth' => "",
   'walker' => "",
   'theme_location' => "",
   'items_wrap' => "",
   'item_spacing' => "",
) );
// These are the parameters od this function.

52. How do I make a static page in WordPress?

For creating a static page in WordPress, follow these steps:

  • Go to WordPress Admin Panel
  • Create Front Page by selecting "Add New Page."
  • Name it "Home."
  • Add content to the content area of the static page.
  • Publish it.
53. How do you create a page in WordPress?

For creating a WordPress Page, follow these steps:

  • In your WordPress Dashboard Navigation menu, click "Pages" and select "Add new."
  • Add page title
  • Add content.
  • "Page Attributes" section can apply parent page or specific template to this new page.
  • "Template" section will allow you to apply any template to the new page.
  • "Order box" helps you arrange your page numerically.
  • Preview the page. Hit "Publish."
54. Is WordPress dynamic or static?

WordPress is dynamic. This is because nearly everything in WordPress, including Pages, is generated dynamically.

55. How do I edit the contents of a page in WordPress?
  • Login to WordPress admin area
  • If editing a Post, Click "Post" and then click "All Posts." Find the Post you want to edit and make changes. Click Publish.
  • If editing a page, Click "Pages" in left column menu, and click "All Pages." Find the page you want to update and make changes. Click Publish.
56. How to check if any plugin is active in WordPress?

With the method is_plugin_active() we can check any particular plugin is active or not.

How to check

include_once( ABSPATH . 'wp-admin/includes/plugin.php' );

if ( is_plugin_active( 'plugin-directory/plugin-file.php' ) ) {
   // Activated
}

57. What are the basic rules to follow while developing WordPress plugin?

Here is a list of crucial rules that require to be followed by the developers while developing a WordPress plugin:

  • Unique user name creation
  • Plugin folder creation
  • Creation of sub-folder for PHP files, assets, and translations.
  • Activation and deactivation function creation
  • The main plugin file creation and fill the header information
  • Script for uninstall creation.
  • readme.txt file creation
  • Use of proper functions and constants to detect paths of the plugin file.
58. How is it possible to rename the WordPress folder?

Yes, we can rename the WordPress folder. If WordPress is already installed in our device, we have to log in to the weblog as the administrator and the change the required settings mentioned below.

  • WordPress address (URI)
  • Blog address( URI)

After the changes, we can rename the folder or directory with the use of the WordPress file in it.

59. What are the scenarios when the plugin menu is not displayed? Users won't be able to see the plugin menu when their blog is hosted on free wordpress.com as it’s limited with plugin uses. Even the users without an account of administrator-level won’t be able to use the plugin menu.
60. What may be the reason that widgets won’t display in the sidebar?

Users have to first ensure that whether the themes they are using support the widget they are wishing to add. In some cases, the problem may occur when the function.php or file similar to that is missing. There are chances also this could happen if the user forgets to save the changes made in the widget or to refresh the older page display.

61. What are the new features in WordPress 5.3?
Here is the list of new features of WordPress 5.3
  • Improved features of current WordPress blocks like Block appender, changes in block
  • Visual differences in the admin panel.
  • Brand new blocks
  • Uploading and automatic rotation of high-resolution images
  • A new way of notifications via Snackbar notices.
  • New default theme Twenty Twenty
  • Typewriter experience
  • Auto-save function
62. How to display the current page title in WordPress?

You can display current page title by get_the_title()

63. What is the difference between wp_reset_query() and wp_reset_postdata() in WordPress?
wp_reset_query() wp_reset_postdata()
This ensures that the query has been reset to the originally created main query. This ensures that the global $post has been restored in the current post inside the main query.
Should be used immediately after every loop using query_posts() Should be used after every custom WP_Query()
64. What is wp_enqueue_script() function in WordPress?

In order to include JavaScript file in WordPress, a special function can be used namely wp_enqueue_script (). In WordPress, the preliminary goal of wp_enqueue_script () is to add a JavaScript file which is one of the WordPress action hooks. In order to use the wp_enqueue_script (), users should need to add JavaScript to each page on the WordPress site.

65. What is wp_head() in WordPress?

It is a type of action hook where the code is dynamically added to a theme in between head tag.

Example

                                                    

<head>  
    <?php wp_head(); ?>
</head>

66. How to display an image URL from thumbnail in WordPress?

You we use get_the_post_thumbnail_url(); . You can use this inside loop or outside loop. If you are using this outside of loop then you have to pass post ID otherwise its optional in case inside loop.

68. How to create Shortcode function in WordPress?

Users can make shortcodes with the use of WordPress Shortcode API, as it enables users to take benefits of existing theme features from any test-based area on WordPress site.

The shortcode functions can be created in three simpler steps-

1. Create function in function.php and register
function display_related_posts($array = array()) {
   <div class="col-md-12 remove-padding m-t20">Shortcode function defination</div>
}
add_shortcode('display_related_posts', 'display_related_posts');


2. Now you can call anywhere in file or editor with this function.
do_shortcode('[display_related_posts]');

69. How can you display a list of child pages in WordPress?

We can use simplay WP_Query() with post_parent and post_type, then we can get all child pages of that particular parent page.

Example

                                                    

$my_query = new WP_Query(array(
    'order' => 'ASC',
    'orderby' => 'menu_order',
    'post_parent' => 13,
    'post_type' => 'page',
));
if($my_query->have_posts())
{
    while($my_query->have_posts())
       {
          // display your required things
       }
}

 

71. How to display custom field value in page?

You can use get_post_meta(get_the_ID(), 'custom_field_name', TRUE);

// custom_field_name is field name.

Development History

The first version of WordPress (WordPress 1.0) was released by two developers - Matt Mullenweg and Mike Littlein, in January 2004.

Though every interview is different, we can help you crack your next interview with the most commonly asked WordPress Interview Questions, which will help you achieve success.

Advantages
  • Intuitive and user-friendly interface
  • Open-source and free for everyone to use
  • Easy to install and update
  • Helpful community

If you are looking for an opportunity to move ahead in your career as a WordPress developer or if you are looking for Wordpress Developer Interview Questions for Freshers or Experienced that can help you crack your interview.

WordPress Installation Steps
  • Download and unzip the WordPress package.
  • Create a database for WordPress on your server, as well as a MySQL user who will have access and modify rights.
  • This step is optional. Find and rename wp-config-sample.php to wp-config.php. Now edit the file and add your database information.
  • Upload your WordPress files to the desired location on the server. If you want to integrate WordPress into your domain, move all contents of the WordPress directory into the root directory of your server.
  • If you want to have WordPress installation in its subdirectory on your website, create the blog directory on the server and upload contents to the list via FTP.