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html5 Interview Questions

An Overview of HTML5

HTML5 is the latest and enhanced version of HTML with new elements, improved attributes, and user-friendly behaviors. The goal of this version is to improve the language's functionalities providing support for the latest multimedia and to keep the word easily readable by users as well as machines. The new version is backward-compatible with older versions. We have one of the most and biggest updated online collection of HTML5 interview questions.

Features of HTML5

Here is the characteristics of HTML5 are listed below:

  • Editing content within element and "required" form attribute
  • Figure tag and SVG element
  • Web fonts
  • Transition and Animation
  • Web Icons
  • Easily implemented audio, video, map with these tags
Note: You can also check our HTML Interview Questions and Answers

 

Are you looking to impress your boss and grab the upcoming promotion at work? Here are the most common HTML5 interview questions to help you do that.

HTML5 includes extensive processing models to encourage interoperable implementations. HTML5 aims to extend and improve the markup available for existing documents. The latest version has also introduced markup and APIs for complex web apps. HTML5 is suitable for cross-platform mobile apps as this version contains features that are designed keeping low-powered devices in mind — going through HTML5 interview questions for experienced professionals before your job interview can enhance your chances of getting your dream job.

Development History

In 1991, Tim Berners-Lee invented HTML. The first public draft for HTML5 was released in 2008. In 2017, W3C recommended HTML version 5.2. Read more about this if you are preparing for HTML5 interview questions.

Latest Version

The newest version is HTML5.2, which was released on December 2017.

html5 Interview Questions and answers

Looking for a new job? Do not miss to read our html5 Interview Questions and answers. Whether you are a fresher or an experienced, these questions and answers that can help you to crack your interview.
S.no HTML HTML5
1. The primary language for making web pages. The fifth and latest version of HTML
2. Audio/Video not a part Audio/Video an important part
3. Browser cache used for temporary storage Application cache, web SQL DB, ad web storage used as temporary storage.
  • Editing content within element and "required" form attribute
  • Figure tag and SVG element
  • Webfonts
  • Transition and Animation
  • Web Icons
  • Easily implemented audio, video, map with these tags

API (Application Programming Interfaces) in HTML5 is a way to build different applications using pre-built components. Developers can integrate the relevant features of existing APIs into their new websites.

The APIs in HTML5 are:

  • DOM Level 1
  • DOM Level 2 Core
  • DOM Level 2 HTML
  • DOM Level 3

The Geolocation API in HTML5 allows the users to share their physical location with selected websites. This happens when JavaScript captures a user’s latitude and longitude and sends it to the back-end server for enabling location-aware features such as finding local businesses or showing location on a map.

S.no Canvas SVG
1. Resolution dependent Resolution independent
2. No support for event handlers Provides support for event handlers
3. Suitable for graphic-intensive Ideal for creating graphics similar to CAD software
3. Works best for small rendering areas Works even for large rendering areas

HTML5 has introduced the concept of Local Storage, which is used to access a web page's local storage area without any time limit. Local storage is available whenever the user wants to use the web page.

The data stored in Local Storage does not get automatically deleted when the browser window is closed; it only gets removed when deleted manually. In local storage, the data is stored using a key and value.

In HTML5, data can be stored in 2 ways – session storage and local storage.

  • Session Storage: The data or details from the current browsing session are stored. Once the browser gets closer by the user, the storage data gets removed.
  • Local Storage: The data does not get cleared automatically when the user closes the browser.

The <audio> tag in HTML5 is used to embed voice in an HTML document. Designers use <source> tag to specify media type along with other attributes.

The <video> tag in HTML5 is used to embed a video file in an HTML document. Designers can use <source> tag to specify media type along with other attributes.

The <fieldset> tag in HTML5 is used to group together related form elements. A <fieldset> must begin with a <legend> tag because this tag will define the title of the fieldset. By using <fieldset> tag and <legend> tag together, designers can make their forms easier to understand and use.

The syntax for <fieldset> tag is: <fieldset>Controls</fieldset>

Web SQL is not a part of HTML5. It is a separate specification that helps in developing web apps. Web SQL is used to manage the client-side database because it stores data on the client side, not on the server side. A Web SQL database works only in latest versions of Google Chrome, Safari, and Opera browsers.

MathML is Mathematical Markup Language. This language is used to show scientific and mathematical content on web pages. HTML5 allows you to use MathML elements in a document using <math>...</math> tags.

A mathematical expression should be inserted in the element <math> with a specified namespace as shown below: <math xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> </math>

S.no Article Section
1. Represents self-contained composition Represents a generic section of an app or document
2. Appropriate if contents are listed in the document's outline. Mostly theme-based groups of content
3. They are identified by including heading as a child of article element. Identified by including heading as a child of section element.

A web worker in HTML5 is a script that runs on a separate thread in the background without the need for the main web page to wait for it to complete. Web Workers enable long tasks to be achieved without keeping the web page responsive.

There are two types of web workers - Dedicated workers and Shared workers.

In HTML5, users will receive two types of web storages as following.

1. Local Storage: Here, data will be stored in the local storage, and will not be cleared automatically or when we close the browser.

2. Session Storage: With this type, the user’s browser current session data will be stored. Once the browser is closed, the storage will be cleared.

The abbreviation WHATWG stands for Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group in HTML5. This is an organization which both develops and maintains the HTML and API for web applications.

Microdata is a newly introduced, simple semantic syntax which can be used by developers to add the nested groups of name and value pair of data to documents, that are based on the page content commonly. It’s used with new global attributes of HTML5.

The in HTML5 refers to indicating to the web browser about the version of HTML in which the page is created. Neither there is an end tag is not is it case sensitive.


In HTML5, declaration should be the first thing before HTML tag. This is because of all previous version before HTML5 followed Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML). Because HTML5 does not follow SGML, it does not require references to DTD (Document Type Definition).

HTML5 has introduced the following structural elements for defining different parts of a web page:

  • <header>: Represents HTML's header data
  • <footer>: Footer of the page
  • <nav>: Represents page's navigation elements
  • <article>: Content that is self-contained
  • <section>: Defines sections or groups content into sections
  • <aside>: Refers to side bar contents

HTML5 has introduced a way to let designers take charge of the web page area that is visible to the users through tags. The tag tells information related to an HTML document. Some of the examples are Link, Style, and Title. With meta tag, we can add meta ketwords, meta description and meta title that helps for SEO Purposes.

HTML5 has introduced new input types for forms. Designers can build interactive and user-friendly web forms by using these input types. The new input types also provide improved data validation, better color picker controls, and enhanced input control.

The new input types are:

  • Time
  • Date
  • Datetime
  • Datetime-local
  • Week
  • Month
  • Email
  • Color
  • Number
  • Range
  • Search
  • Telephone
  • URL

Developers use the HTML div tag to create a various section of a web page. The div tag can hold other elements and sections in it. We can also hold the direct text in it, except the one that is used in it.

The syntax for div tag is as follows:

<div>...</div>

Example

                                                    

S.no Span div
1. Gives output with "display: inline" Gives output with "display: block"
2. In-line element Block level element
3. Used to add style to text Used to create CSS layouts

No. Local storage is not very secure because it was not designed to be used as secured storage in a web browser. Local storage was only designed to be a simple key/value storage that developers would use to build single page apps.

Custom attributes are one of the most important new features in HTML5. They play an integral role in semantic development. Custom attributes are designed to store custom data private to web page or application for which there are no other attributes. Because custom attributes are valid in HTML5, they get used in all browsers that support HTML5 doctypes.

All attributes in HTML5 on an element starts with "data-" like data-type="best", data-distance="4km", data-identifier="bestinterviewquestion.com".

The <iframe> tag is used to indicate an inline frame, or, a browsing context that is nested. It allows outside documents to be inserted in the main HTML document seamlessly. Inline frames are mostly used in online advertising, where the contents of the iframe can e an ad from a third party.

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