What Are The Aggregate Functions in MySQL
For MySQL interview questions searchers; this article is going to be extremely helpful as we will discuss one of the most important concepts of MySQL here – the MySQL aggregate functions. Here, we are going to summarize the introduction, functionality, advantages, and other useful insights of MySQL aggregate function for your thorough acknowledgment. This could be considered as an intermediate MySQL tutorial that MySQL aspiring developers must take a peak on to understand all the aspects of aggregate functions available in MySQL.
Let's Have an Introduction to MySQL's Aggregate Functions
In MySQL, the aggregate function allows users to perform a calculation on a set of values to achieve a single scalar value. An aggregate function is often used with the HAVING and GROUP BY clauses present in the SELECT statement. These functions are deterministic in nature because they return the exact same value for a set of properties each time they are called. The aggregate functions can only be used as expressions in the mentioned two scenarios.
- A HAVING clause.
- SELECT statement's select list. It could be either an outer query or a subquery.
To call a MySQL aggregate function, users require to implement the following syntax.
aggregate_function (DISTINCT | ALL expression)
Debriefing the above syntax, we have to first specify an aggregate function that we desire to use. Thereafter, we have to put the ALL or DISTINCT modifier followed by the expression inside parentheses. With the use of a DISTINCT modifier, the aggregate function will consider only unique values, ignoring the duplicate values. Whereas, the ALL modifier will calculate or evaluate all the values present, including the duplicate values.
Commonly Used MySQL Aggregate Functions
Below mentioned is a list of the most developer used MySQL aggregate function, which we are going to thoroughly describe further down. The MySQL aggregate functions with examples are extremely handpicked by interviewers as vital Advanced MySQL interview questions
This aggregate function is typically used by developers to get the exact number of rows in a particular column. Here are the different functions with their respected syntax to use the COUNT aggregate function. To count all the rows present in a dataset:
SELECT COUNT(*) FROM products;
Note: Here we have taken products; as our example dataset. The COUNT(*) is used to select all the rows. It has the same effect as COUNT(1).This one will provide a count of all the rows in which the column high is not null.
SELECT COUNT(high) FROM products;
The aggregate function AVG calculates the accurate average of a selected dataset's group of values. It can only be used with numerical columns. The function ignores nulls completely.
SELECT AVG(high) FROM products;
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The MySQL aggregate function MAX returns the highest values present in a particular column of the dataset. Similar to COUNT, they can also be used on non-numerical columns. It will return the highest number, non-numerical value alphabetically, or the latest date.
SELECT MAX(volume) AS max_volume FROM historical_stock_price
This one works opposite to the MAX aggregate function. The MIN function returns the lowest values present in a particular column.
SELECT MIN(volume) AS max_volume FROM historical_stock_price
This aggregate function returns the sum of all the values in the specified column min table. It works on numeric fields.
SELECT SUM(salary) AS totalSalary FROM employee
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