HTML Interview Questions and Answers

Last updated on Feb 08, 2024
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HTML Interview Questions

HTML refers for Hypertext Markup Language, which is a text-based approach to describing how content is structured in an HTML file. HTML is not a programming language. We have an impressive collection of HTML Interview Questions and Answers that is a must-read for all developers and designers!. It just tells a web browser how to structure content, graphics, and multimedia on a web page. Commonly used HTML tags include h1; h2; div; table; and form etc. The most significant advantage of HTML is that it comes with in-built tools for creating responsive websites as well as interface components.

Quick Questions about HTML
What is HTML? It is the markup language for documents designed to be displayed in a web browser.
What is the latest version of HTML? HTML5, released on 28th October 2014
Created By WHATWG
When was HTML first released? 1993
Who created html? Tim Berners-Lee

Most Frequently Asked HTML Interview Questions

Here in this article, we will be listing frequently asked HTML Interview Questions and Answers with the belief that they will be helpful for you to gain higher marks. Also, to let you know that this article has been written under the guidance of industry professionals and covered all the current competencies.

Q1. What is HTML and why it is used for?

HTML is a language of www (world wide web). It is a text formatting language that gives us webpage structure. HTML elements are represented by tags. HTML is used to make interactive and dynamic websites — all web pages created by HTML tags.

Q2. Why Meta tags are used in HTML?

The meta tag is information about data. Metadata will not be displayed on the application, but it will be machine parsable. These elements are typically used to specify page description, keywords, page title, author name of the document, and other metadata.

The metadata is used by web browsers (how to display content or reload the page), search engines (keywords), or other web services.


<meta name="description" content="Best Interview Questions">
<meta name="keywords" content="Interview questions, php interview questions, html interview questions">
<meta name="author" content="Best Interview Questions">

Q3. What is the meaning of <!DOCTYPE>?

This is not an html tag. The <!DOCTYPE> syntax should be the first thing in HTML page, before the <html> tag. It is an instruction to the web browser about what version of HTML the page is written in. In HTML 4 we used <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC ‘-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN’ ‘’> But now in HTML 5 we used only <!DOCTYPE html>

Q4. What is HTML tag attributes?

HTML tag attributes are used for add additional functionality. Attributes like id, class, style, lang, title etc

Q5. How many types of list tag are using in HTML?

In HTML, Lists are used to specify lists of various types of information. All records items may contain one or more elements.

Types of HTML lists are listed below:
  • Ordered List(ol)
  • Unordered List(ul)
  • Description List(dl)

Note: You can easily get marks in this HTML Interview Questions by just naming the types of lists in HTML.

Q6. How to tags migrated from HTML4 to HTML5?
1. <div id="header"> </div> <header> </header>
2. <div id="menu"></div> <nav> </nav>
3. <div id="content"> </div> <section> </section>
4. <div id="post"> </div> <article> </article>
5. <div id="footer"> </div> <footer> </footer>
Q7. What is the difference between HTML4 and HTML5?
1. The primary language for making web pages. The fifth and latest version of HTML
3. We can not track location Easily tracking location with geolocation in HTML
4. Browser cache used for temporary storage Application cache, web SQL DB, ad web storage used as temporary storage.
5. <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" ""> <!DOCTYPE html>
Q8. What are new input form validations in HTML5?

The new input types for form validation are email, URL, number, tel, and date. With the help of the required attribute, it will work. Also if we want specific validation, then we have to add input type "text" or "email" or "tel."

Note: Learn the basic validations with HTML tags and work to crack the HTML Interview Questions.

Q9. What is SVG?

It is used to explain the two-dimensional vector and raster graphics. SVG images and their behaviors are defined in XML files. So as XML files, you can create and update SVG image with the text editor. It is mostly used for vector type diagrams like pie charts, 2-Dimensional graphs in an X, Y coordinate system.

Q10. How to create mail and phone link in HTML?

For mail link, we have to add mailto: "mention here email address" in a href attribute in anchor tag.


<a href="mailto:[email protected]">[email protected]</a>
<a href="tel:9971083635">9971083635</a>

Development History: Tim Berners-Lee was the primary author of HTML. The first version of HTML was published in June 1993.

Key points about HTML:
  • HTML is the building block for developing websites.
  • Universally accepted standard for making sure search engines can find your web pages on relevant searches.
  • HTML tags are case-insensitive.
  • Browsers use HTML tags to render the content of the web page.


Latest Version: HTML5 is the newest version of HTML.

Are you looking to impress your boss and grab the upcoming promotion at work? Here are the most common HTML interview questions to help you do that.

Advantages of HTML
  • Offers SEO benefits.
  • HTML is widely used and supported by most browsers.
  • HTML 5 Provides us storage options are more reliable.
  • It is not a proprietary code, so you do not need to pay a royalty for using it.
  • Coding is simple, clear and consistent. Even new programmers can use it with ease.

These HTML interview questions will help you prepare for your upcoming job interview as well and fast-track your career. Whether you are a fresher or an experienced HTML developer, these  Questions & Answers are all you need to succeed in your next interview.

Reviewed and verified by Umesh Singh
Umesh Singh

My name is Umesh Singh having 11+ experience in Node.JS, React JS, Angular JS, Next JS, PHP, Laravel, WordPress, MySQL, Oracle, JavaScript, HTML and CSS etc. I have worked on around 30+ projects. I lo...