1. DDL

In MySQL, DDL is the short form for Data Definition Language, which is used in database schemas and descriptions while deciding how data should reside in the database.

Here’s a list of DDL Queries:
  • CREATE
  • ALTER
  • DROP
  • TRUNCATE
  • COMMENT
  • RENAME

2. DML

DML is a short form for Data Manipulation Language which is used in data manipulation and mostly includes common SQL statements to store, modify, retrieve, delete and update data in a database.

Here is the list of DML Queries:
  • SELECT
  • INSERT
  • UPDATE
  • DELETE
  • MERGE
  • CALL
  • EXPLAIN PLAN
  • LOCK TABLE

3. DCL

DCL is a short form for Data Control Language including commands which are concerned with User rights, permissions and other controls within the database system.

Here’s a list of queries for DCL:
  • GRANT
  • REVOKE

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