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Data Analyst Interview Questions and Answers

Last update: 29 Dec 2020, 17 Questions

If you are interested in applying your knowledge & observation in a company's growth & earn an extraordinary handsome amount, then you should opt for a Data Analyst job, and here you will find all relevant information related to data analyst interview questions. We have gathered all the possible information in an effortless manner with accurate answers, which are mainly asked during the interview.

Before we discuss data analysis interview questions, let's understand what is meant by data analysis. In simple words, data analysis is a strategy where data is gathered and sorted out with the goal that one can get accommodating data from it. This sort of data assortment includes watching or watching a person or thing. For example, Cell phone bills can pull up months of calling data to show you patterns of usage. By this, we can control & manage our budget of calling.

Most Frequently Asked Data Analyst Interview Questions

Here in this article, we will be listing frequently asked Data Analyst Interview Questions and Answers with the belief that they will be helpful for you to gain higher marks. Also, to let you know that this article has been written under the guidance of industry professionals and covered all the current competencies.

1. What are the two main methods to detect outliers?
  • Z-Score or Extreme Value Analysis (parametric).
  • Probabilistic and Statistical Modelling (parametric).
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2. What are the different types of clustering algorithms?
  • Partitioning methods.
  • Hierarchical clustering.
  • Fuzzy clustering.
  • Density-based clustering.
  • Model-based clustering.
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4. What is univariate, bivariate, and multivariate Analysis?
UNIVARIATE
  • Univariate analysis is the investigation of one ("uni") variable.
  • The primary purpose of the univariate analysis is to explain the info and find patterns that exist within it.
BIVARIATE
  • The bivariate investigation is probably the least complicated type of quantitative examination. It includes the study of two factors, to decide the observational connection between them
  • The bivariate examination can be useful in testing straightforward theories of affiliation.
MULTIVARIATE
  • Multivariate Analysis is the investigation of three or more variables.
  • There are some ways to perform statistical methods, depending on your goals. Methods like - Additive Tree, Canonical Correlation Analysis, Cluster Analysis, Correspondence Analysis / Multiple Correspondence Analysis, correlational Analysis, Generalized Procrustes Analysis
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5. How is overfitting different from underfitting?
Overfitting Underfitting
Overfitting happens when a factual model or AI calculation catches the commotion of the information. Underfitting happens when a measurable model or AI calculation can't catch the basic pattern of the information
Performance in showing the training data is excellent whereas it has a poor generalization to other data Terrible showing on the preparation information and helpless speculation to other details.
Overfitting represents a complex model, such as having many parameters relative to the number of observations. Underfitting represents a scenario when fitting a linear model to non-linear data.
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6. What is the difference between linear regression and logistic regression?
Linear regression Logistic regression
It is a regression model, which means it will give a non-discrete/continuous output of a function. This approach provides the value. For example: given x what is f(x) It is a binary classification algorithm, which means that here there will be discrete-valued output for the function. For instance: for a given x if f(x)>threshold arrange it to be 1 else group it to be 0.
It uses an ordinary method of least squares method to minimize the errors It uses maximum likelihood methods to reach the answer.
It gives an equation that is of the shape Y = mX + C, which means equation with degree 1. gives an equation which is of the shape Y = eX + e-X
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7. How should you tackle multi-source problems?
  • Recognize comparative information records and consolidate them into one record that will contain all the valuable properties.
  • Encourage pattern reconciliation through construction rebuilding.
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8. What are the responsibilities of a data analyst?

Data Analyst responsibilities include

  • Transforming data, analyzing results using statistical techniques, and providing ongoing reports.
  • Collecting data from primary or secondary data sources and maintaining databases.
  • Channel and "clean" information by looking into PC reports, printouts, and execution markers to find and right code issues.
  • Work with the management team to set the priority business and information needs
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9. What are the best practices for data cleaning?

Data cleaning - is the process of recognizing inaccurate or unethical data from a database. To ensure that the customer data is employed within the most efficient and meaningful manner , which will increase the elemental value of the brand, business enterprises must give importance to data quality.

Steps for data cleaning –
  • For enormous datasets, break them into little information. Working with less information will speed up.
  • If you've got a problem with data cleanliness, arrange them by estimated frequency and attack the foremost common problems
  • Break down the synopsis measurements for every section (standard deviation, mean, number of missing qualities).
  • Keep track of each date cleaning operation, so you'll alter changes or remove activities if required.
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10. What are the key steps required in an analytics project?
  • Business issue understating.
  • Understanding your data set.
  • Data Preparation.
  • Exploratory Analysis/ Modelling.
  • Validation.
  • Visualization & presentation.
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11. How would you differentiate Data Profiling and Data Mining?
Data Profiling Data Mining
It is a method of examining fresh data from active datasets for the motive of gathering stats for the data. It is a procedure of recognizing patterns and connections inside massive datasets to determine progressively valuable bits of information.
It predominantly centers around giving relevant data on information characteristics, for example, information type, recurrence, and so on. It basically centers around the location of bizarre records, conditions, and group investigation.
The intention is to make an information base of exact data about the information which perceives the utilization and nature of metadata. The motivation behind information mining is to dig the information for significant data to tackle issues through data analysis

Note: This is one of those data analyst interview questions which is often asked in the interview

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12. List the characteristics of a good data model?

The seven characteristics that define a good data model are:

  • Accuracy and Precision.
  • Legitimacy and Validity.
  • Reliability and Consistency.
  • Timeliness and Relevance.
  • Completeness and Comprehensiveness.
  • Availability and Accessibility.
  • Granularity and Uniqueness.
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13. What does K mean by the algorithm?

K-intends to one of the most natural individual learning calculations that help in taking care of the acclaimed bunching issue. The system follows a straightforward and straightforward approach to group a given informational index through a specific number of bunches (accept k bunches) fixed earlier. The principle thought is to characterize k focuses, one for each group.

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14. What methods of validations are used by data analysts?
  • Check digit.
  • Format check.
  • Length check.
  • Lookup table.
  • Presence check.
  • Range check.
  • Spell check.
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15. What do you do for data preparation?
  • Gather data.
  • Discover and assess data.
  • Cleanse and validate data.
  • Transform and enrich data.
  • Store data.
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16. What is meant by collaborative filtering?

Collaborative filtering may be a technique that will filter items that a user might like based on the idea of reactions by similar users. It works by searching an outsized group of individuals and finding a smaller set of users with tastes almost like a specific user.

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17. What are the challenges a data analyst normally encounter?
  • Collecting meaningful and real-time data.
  • Visual representation of data.
  • Data from multiple sources.
  • Inaccessible data.
  • Poor quality data.
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So this was all about data analyst interview questions. By going through these questions, you can prepare well for your interview, and it was our effort to give you an insight into the data analytics interview question.

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