Business Analyst Interview Questions and Answers

18 Sep 2020, 18 Questions

If you are looking for a job in the Business Analyst profile and concerned a bit about what questions might be asked to you? Don't worry, you are at the right place, here in this article we will be discussing all the core business analyst interview questions.

Before discussing the questions, you may want to read a bit about the business analyst profile and its role.

Business Analyst is responsible for analyzing the business or organization. The core responsibility of the business analyst is to play the role of a bridge between the business and the technology solutions. He is responsible for documenting all the business needs and processes that an organization should follow. This is the role that varies organization to organization, a project to project, or even domain to domain.

This is the profile which requires the people who have good analytical thinking and should be a good decision-maker. This person represents one's business to the client or other businesses; thus, this person should have problem-solving and negotiation skills.

In this article, we have brought some of the best ba interview questions that you will find helpful when preparing for the business analyst interview.

Most Frequently Asked Business Analyst Interview Questions

Here in this article, we will be listing frequently asked Business Analyst Interview Questions and Answers with the belief that they will be helpful for you to gain higher marks. Also, to let you know that this article has been written under the guidance of industry professionals and covered all the current competencies.

Q1. What are the responsibilities of a business analyst?
  • Building an exhaustive business analysis, which outlines the problems, opportunities, and solutions for business.
  • Allocation and anticipation
  • Planning and monitoring
  • Deviation reasoning
  • Estimation
  • Broadcasting
  • Characterizing business requirements and broadcasting them back to clients.
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Q2. What is the Difference Between Agile vs. Waterfall?
Agile Waterfall
Uses the iterative approach which allows in changing the scope of the project Uses the sequential approach where the project is divided into different phases
It is okay when the scope of the project is not defined It is okay when the scope of the project is not defined Scope of the project should be defined beforehand
Availability of the customer is required through the entire project The availability of the customer is needed only when we reach the defined milestone.
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Q3. What is BRD? How is it different from SRS?

A Business Requirement Document centers around the business point of view as it holds the minutiae of the business explanation for a project.

Stands for Business Requirements Document Stands for Software Requirements Specifications
It includes the documentation of all the requirements provided by the client It includes the documentation describing the functional and non-functional requirements of the software
It represents the functional specification of the software It represents the functional as well as technical specifications of the software
It is created by Business Analysts It is created by System Architect
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Q4. Do you think flowcharts are important? Why or why not?

Yes, flowcharts are essential. One of the significant benefits of a flowchart is it gives the visual clarity on the process or progress.

With proper flow charts, it is easier to demonstrate the workflows to stakeholders. They can also play the mode of instant communication.

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Q5. What is Business Model Analysis?

A business model is an integrated framework to understand, design, and test your business assumptions in the marketplace. This model can be used in establishing new business opportunities or can help in the growth of an existing business in the marketplace.

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Q6. What are the most common reports that you've prepared as a business analyst?
  • General reports
  • Aggregate reports
  • Dashboard reports
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Q7. What is the difference between Business analysis and Business Analytics?
Business Analysis Business Analytics
The primary focus is on processes, techniques, and functions. The primary focus is on data and statistical scrutiny.
Responsible for solving or managing complex business problems. Responsible for predicting future states.
Skills: Analysis, Documentation, Stakeholder management Skills: Statistics, data analysis, software programming

Note: This question is something that has been asked almost in all the business analyst interview questions.

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Q8. What approach do you use to collect business requirements?

There are multiple approaches that one should consider while gathering business requirements.

  • Brainstorming
  • Analysis of the document
  • Requirement workshops
  • Prototyping
  • Observation
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Q9. How do you perform risk management in your project?

Risk management is the process of examining, recognizing, and afterward reacting to any risk that emerges over the life cycle of a project.

Building a risk management convention into your organization's way of life by making a consistent arrangement of standard devices and layout, with proper training, can reduce overhead after some time.

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Q10. How do you decide that as a business analyst, you have gathered all the requirements?
  • They are classifying the significant stakeholders.
  • Objective and requirements are clearly defined.
  • They are classifying all the regulations, construction and design standards, closure on technology, budget, etc.
  • They are classifying the external interfaces which lie in between our system and, therefore, the outside world.
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Q11. What is SRS, and also explain its key elements?

A software requirements specification (SRS) is a comprehensive summary of software that needs to be developed. It contains all the requirements, whether they are functional or non-functional.

Essential Elements (in general SRS):-
  • Functional requirements
  • System requirements
  • Technical requirements
  • Constraint
  • Assumptions
  • Criteria of acceptance
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Q12. What is Gap Analysis?

A gap analysis process allows all the organizations to decide how to best accomplish their business objectives. With this analysis, one can compare the current state with an ideal state or goals, which features inadequacies and opens the door for improvement.

Note: The answer to this question varies domain to domain; technical skills might be needed if your field or profile relates to it. However, for general ba interview questions, the above mentioned is the perfect answer.

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Q13. What are the key strengths of a business analyst?
Key strengths of a business analyst
  • Communication skills
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Analytical skills
  • Good listener
  • Relationship building skills
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Q14. How will you define a good quality requirement as a business analyst?

Business analysts should have a clear picture of the client's business and the current state. Also, have a good idea about the problems they are facing for the same.

If BA gets the clarity on these things, then whatever the client quotes, BA will be able to analyze and provide the solution accurately.

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Q15. What are the problems that a business analyst may face?

Business analysts face many problems, such as:

  • The delusion of Business analysts' scope of work.
  • Change in client requirements or business needs.
  • Conflict with clients
  • Specifications created in the beginning are not satisfying the needs of developers.
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Q16. When creating a business plan, what are the main points a business analyst must address?
  • Client requirements or needs.
  • Business analysts should make a systematic plan which defines the people, process, technology, etc.
  • What business rule should apply here?
  • Future process map
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Q17. What is UML modeling?

Unified Modeling Language (UML) is used as a general-purpose designing language, especially in the field of software engineering.

Nowadays, people have found multiple ways to represent it in the form of workflows or processes with the use of several tools out there.

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Q18. What is requirement prioritization? What are the different techniques used for it?

Requirement prioritization is a way by which one can determine the candidate's requirements of a software product that should be included in a particular release.

Techniques used:
  • Ranking
  • Grouping
  • MoSCoW technique
  • Bubble Sort technique
  • Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)
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These are the business analyst interview questions and answers which will help you while interviewing for a business analyst position. Looking forward to knowing your experience, make sure to share it in the comments or any other knowledge you gained during the interview process.

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