Zend 2 Framework Interview Questions and Answers

06 Feb 2023, 13 Questions

Most Frequently Asked Zend 2 Framework Interview Questions

Here in this article, we will be listing frequently asked Zend 2 Framework Interview Questions and Answers with the belief that they will be helpful for you to gain higher marks. Also, to let you know that this article has been written under the guidance of industry professionals and covered all the current competencies.

Q1. What is Zend Framework 2?

It’s an open source and object-oriented framework for web applications implemented in PHP7. It has a collection of professional PHP packages with an astounding number of installations (more than 379 million installations). Zend framework 2 can be used to develop web services and applications using PHP version 5.6 or more.

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Q2. What are the advantages of Zend Framework 2?
  • Speed up process due to utilizing an available framework.
  • Has great multi-functionality quality and object focus quality.
  • Simple to integrate and freedom to develop functionality.
  • Excellent MVC components.
  • Rapid application and tolling development feature.
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Q3. What is a module in Zend Framework 2?

In Zend Framework 2, the module is a system used to organize the main application specific code within each module. The skeleton provided application module is used by developers to offer bootstrapping, routing and error configuration to the whole application.

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Q4. What do you mean by Service manager in ZF2?

In Zend Framework 2, the ServiceManager is injected within any controller by default as it extends the AbstractController implementing the ServiceLocatorAwareInterface interface.

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Q5. How we can set routing in Zend Framework2?

In the Zend framework, routing is an act to match a request to a given controller. It will examine the URI request and will attempt to match the URI path segment against provided constraints. It also can be utilized other portions of the request URI as well as the environment even.

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Q7. How to Change layout for module level in Zend Framework 2?
  • Open the module.config.php of the module and its path is module\{module}\config\module.config.php
  • Add/Update given code in the view_manager array
  • 'template_map' => array(
        'layout/layout' => __DIR__ . '/../view/layout/layout.phtml', //Setup the layout file here
        'error/404' => __DIR__ . '/../view/error/404.phtml', //Setup the error from here
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Q8. How we can add custom view helpers to Zend Framework 2?

To create custom view helpers to Zend framework 2, follow these steps:

  • Create a helper under the src directory. In this case, we name it Testhelper.
  • Build Testhelper content to:

namespace Test\View\Helper;

use Zend\View\Helper\AbstractHelper;

class Testhelper extends AbstractHelper


public function __invoke($str, $find)


if (! is_string($str)){

return 'must be string';


if (strpos($str, $find) === false){

return 'not found';


return 'found';



  • Now register it in Module.php
  • Call it in the view

echo $this->test_helper("me","e");

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Q9. What is the difference between Zend Framework and Laravel?
S.no Zend Framework Laravel
1. It’s architecture development principle is built on convention over configuration. Its architecture development principle is built on configuration over convention.
2. It supports database such as SQLite, MySQL, PostgreSQL, Redis, and MongoDB. It supports database such as MariaDB, IBM DB2, Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server 2012.
3. No iOS development support. Supports iOS development.
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Q10. Named the latest version of Zend Framework?

Zend Framework 3 is the latest version to the series, It was released on 18 June 2016 and is optimized according to user suggestions and includes many feature additions and bug fixes compared to its previous version.

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Q11. Explain the difference between Zend 2 & Zend 3?
S.no Zend 2 Zend 3
1. Doesn’t support backward compatibility. Supports backward compatibility.
2. Components are stored in a single GIT repository. Components are stored in multiple GIT repositories.
3. No availability of component installer. Introduction of the component installer.
4. Average ServiceManager and EventManager Performance. Improved ServiceManager and EventManager Performance.
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Q12. What are the advantages of Zend framework 3? Explain
  • Zend framework 3 supports PHP 7 which was released with various improvements for developers.
  • The improved modular approach through separation of concerns and decoupling of packages.
  • Improved project documentation.
  • Introduction of Microframework.
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Q13. How to Install Zend 2 using composer?

$ composer require zendframework/zend-mvc

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