An Overview of Ubuntu
Ubuntu is a free of charge, globally available and open source Linux operating system, capable of web surfing, document creation, email read and more. This operating system is highly customizable and built on the ideas of Ubuntu Manifesto; the software should be available without any cost, the software tool should be available in the local language of the user and should be used despite any disabilities, and the freedom to customize the software according to their fit. All the popular Ubuntu command have been put together which will be handy if you want to crack an interview. Similar to other operating systems, Ubuntu has its own set of command lines at disposal to help users interact with Linux interface. Ubuntu command questions are common among IT sector interviews.
Advantages of Ubuntu
- Best for development purposes such as programming, software or web development
- Better performance due to optimized and RAM and core utilization.
- Good productivity can be achieved due to the use of explorer, theme and unlimited free applications
- Best for security purpose
- Offers a learning curve to users
Now let’s discuss a set of most asked all Ubuntu command related interview questions and suggested answers for them for your acknowledgment. Practicing these interview questions will help you grow your knowledge regarding the Ubuntu operating system and also increases your success chance for future interviews.
Most Frequently Asked Ubuntu Commands And Answers With Examples:
- What is Ubuntu and how does it work?
- What is the latest version of Ubuntu?
- Why is it called Ubuntu?
- How do I install Ubuntu on my PC?
- Which is the best version of Ubuntu?
- What are the Minimum System Requirements to install Ubuntu?
- Explain the difference between Windows and Ubuntu?
- What are some New features in Ubuntu 17.10?
- How do I check my current version of Ubuntu?
- What are the basic commands in Ubuntu?
- What is the Ubuntu terminal?
- How do I create a service in Ubuntu?
- How to start services in Ubuntu?
- How do I get to root in Ubuntu?
- How to open a file in Ubuntu terminal?
- How do you create a new file in Ubuntu?
- How do I get help in Ubuntu terminal?
- What is sudo command in Ubuntu?
- How do you go to a directory in Ubuntu?
- How to use mkdir command in Ubuntu?
- How do I reboot Ubuntu?
- How do you create an empty file in Ubuntu?
- How do I free up disk space on Ubuntu?
- What is chmod command Ubuntu?
- How do I change the root password in Ubuntu terminal?
- How do I delete a user account in Ubuntu?
- How do I change the user in Ubuntu?
Ubuntu 18.10or Cosmic Cuttlefish is the latest version of this operating system, released on 18 October 2018. The Ubuntu 19.04, codenamed Disco Dingo, is the upcoming release for the operating system, scheduled for 18thApril 2019 release.
Ubuntu is a South African ethical ideology which comes from the Xhosa and Zulu languages and roughly translates as “humanity towards others.” As the platform is based on free software and shares the belief of connectivity to all, the name “Ubuntu” is best suited for it.
We have to follow these steps to install Ubuntu in PC:
- Put the Ubuntu DVD in drive 7 restart the computer
- Select the language. Either choose Try Ubuntu or Install Ubuntu depending on your preference
- Select the Detect Keyboard Layout and Continue
- Choose Normal installation' or ‘Minimal installation’ according to your choice and continue
- Choose whether you want to install Ubuntu alongside another operating system or delete the existing one and replace it with Ubuntu
- Now click Install Now and Continue
- Select your current location if you are connected with internet
- Put your preferred location
- Choose the background installation
- Select the popped up Restart option to end the process
The minimum system requirements for Ubuntu are as following:
- 2 GB RAM
- 2 GHz dual-core processor
- 25 GB of hard-drive space
- 1024x768 screen resolution VGA capable
- Either a DVD/CD drive or a USB port for the installer media
- Internet access (additional)
Follow further to get the Ubuntu command line list.
|1.||Users have to pay to use Windows.||Free and available as open source.|
|2.||Supports executable files.||Does not support executable files.|
|3.||Doesn’t support server.||Can work as a server.|
|4.||Doesn’t support multiple desktop environment.||Supports multiple desktop environments.|
|5.||Doesn’t has its own software manager.||It has its own software manager.|
Here is a list of new features added to Ubuntu 17.10.
- As the default desktop, GNOME replaces Unity
- Default display server Wayland
- Default Display Manager GDM
- WiFi Captive Portals support
- Better support for Bluetooth speakers
- Performance improvement with Linux Kernel 4.13
To check the current version of Ubuntu, we have to follow these steps:
- Open the terminal
- Put the command lsb_release -a
- A message will be followed up like this:
$ lsb_release –a
No LSB modules are available.
Distributor ID: Ubuntu
Description: Ubuntu 17.10.3 LTS
(The release and description numbers are an example here)
The List of common Ubuntu terminal commands.
Ubuntu has a long list of basic commands. Here is the list of most used ones:
- Sudo–to be used for a command that requires root permissions
- ls (list) - terminal will show you all the files and folders of the directory
- cd –Prime command that always is in use in terminal
- pwd - displays the full pathname of the current working directory
- cp - allows copying a file
- mv - allows moving a file
- rm - allows removing a specified file
- mkdir–Used to create a new directory
- history - displays all of the previous commands
- df - presents information of all mounted filesystems disk space usage
- du - shows the size of a directory and subdirectories
- free –allows us to see the amount of open space available in the system
- uname–a–Offers a wide range of necessary information regarding system
- top –displays the process utilizing the most system resources at any given time
- info –displays a manual page with precise information
Running root commands with Sudo is the most preferred way to root in Ubuntu. We can follow this process to root in Ubuntu.
- Open a terminal window using Ctrl+Alt+T
- Type the command sudo before the rest of your command
- Put the command gksudo before running a command that opens a program with a GUI
- Now simulate a root environment
- Finally, give sudo access to another user
Advance Linux interview question and suggested answers for them to be followed by freshers and experienced.
We can use the following ways to get help in the Ubuntu terminal.
- Use of –h or –help command
- Using tab completion on the Shell
- Use the help command by pressing Ctrl+ Alt+ T and then type help
- Using the man pages
- Using the info command
- Using the relevant command
There are different commands to access the directory in Ubuntu.
- cd /- To navigate the root directory
- cd or cd ~ - To navigate through the home directory
- cd–To navigate up one directory level
- cd -- To navigate to the previous directory