An Overview of Symfony
Symfony is one of the most widely used PHP frameworks with a set of reusable components and options. Symfony aims to expedite the creation and maintenance of web applications and replace repetitive coding tasks. Though Symfony is known for its low-performance overhead, it gives developers control over the overall configuration.
Though most of the Symfony Interview Questions vary from organization to organization, we would still like to put together these related questions and answers that you can expect during the interview.
Development History: Symfony was published as free software in October 2005, and released under the MIT license.
Key points about Symfony:
- Sponsored by SensioLabs.
- Inspired by the Spring Framework.
- Symfony ranks 3rd in popularity after Laravel and CodeIgniter.
- It is aimed at building robust, enterprise-level applications.
- Makes use of existing PHP open source projects.
- They are bundled with additional components to help developers test and debug projects.
Latest Recommended Version: The standard version of Symfony is maintained for eight months, and long-term support (LTS) versions are supported for three years. A new LTS release is published biennially. The current release is version 4.2.1.
These below listed Symfony Advanced Interview Questions are designed for developers who are preparing for an interview on Symfony Framework.
Advantages of Symfony
- Flexible, Reliable, Easy to test
- Extensive online community support, Long-term support
- Good documentation
Are you for looking for Symfony job interview questions? As a symphony developer, you would want to know the best possible symphony 3 interview questions or Symfony 2 interview questions that you might be asked in your job Interview.
Symfony interview questions and answers
Looking for a new job? Do not miss to read our Symfony interview questions and answers. Whether you are a fresher or an experienced, these questions and answers that can help you to crack your interview.
- What is Symfony?
- Explain the bundles in Symfony.
- What is a Symfony controller?
- Explain an Environment in Symfony.
- Mention few web servers supported by Symfony.
- Explain the tasks performed by a Symfony controller.
- What are the innovations used in Symfony2 compared to Symfony1?
- In which technology Symfony routing configuration files are written?
- Explain Serializer in Symfony.
- What is Twing in Symfony?
- Mention the cache adapters present in Symfony.
- Explain the case of user access denies in Symfony.
- To install and run the latest version of Symfony, list the server requirements.
- What are the rules to create methods within the controller in Symfony?
- Is it possible to create a Symfony application using composer? Then, how?
- Explain the session set and get methods in Symfony2.
- How can developers get the request parameters in Symfony2?
- Mention the form helper functions in Symfony.
- What are the best benefits of using Symfony?
- Is it possible to create a request object in Symfony, then how?
Symfony is a leading, reliable and one of the most used PHP framework combined with a set of highly featureful and reusable PHP components to create websites, dynamic web applications, web services and microservices. It is an open source framework and supports the MVC design pattern.
Bundles in Symfony are similar to packages or plugins in other CMS or frameworks. In Symfony, bundles provide the developers with the flexibility to use pre-built features consisted of third-party bundles or to create and distribute their own bundles.
Symfony has two types of bundles:
- Application specific bundles
- Reusable bundles
Symfony controller is a PHP function that obtains information from the HTTP request to construct and return an HTTP response. The response can vary and could be an XML document, an HTML page, a redirect, a 404 error, a serialized JSON array, or any other request.
A group of configurations used to run an application is basically described as an Environment in Symfony.
This framework has two default environments:
- Prod: Optimized for executing an application on production
- Dev: Used when an application is developed locally.
Symfony framework supports various user popular web servers. For example, few of the best web servers compatible with Symfony are LAMP, WAMP, XAMP, MAMP, Microsoft IIS, Nginx, and PHP’s built-in web server.
A Symfony controller can do virtually anything inside this framework. From redirecting and forwarding to accessing core services to rendering templates; a controller in Symfony can be used for various basic tasks.
Few crucial innovations that implemented with Symfony2 are as following:
- Use of the Dependency Injection Pattern
- Complete Bundle setup
- Packed as Distributions
- Ease of debugging an application
- Improved security additions
The Symfony routing configuration files are written with YAML, XML and PHP technology. The default routing configuration file in Symfony is:
Symfony has five cache adapters available inside it. The available cache adapters are as following:
- File system cache adapter
- Array cache adapter
- APCu cache adapter
- PHP files cache adapter
- Redis cache adapter
When an unauthorized individual tries to access the web application, Symfony shows a 403 HTTP status and throws an error page denying the user access request.
Symfony 4.0 is the latest version of the series and requires a server requirement of:
- PHP 5.5.9 or above
- JSON enabled
- type enabled
- set of date. timezone
There are four general rules need to be followed to create methods within the controller in Symfony, which are as following:
- Only action methods should be public
- “Action” suffix must be included in action methods
- Controller methods should be short
- A valid response object should be fixed for action methods
Yes, it’s possible to create a Symfony application using composer. The developer needs to run the following command in the console to install Symfony using composer:
composer create-project symphony/framework-standard-edition my_project_name
Symfony2 uses a SessionInterface object set and get method to get and set sessions.
Following syntax can be referred as an example:
public function sessionAction(SessionInterface $session)
// store an attribute for reuse during a later user request
// get the attribute set by another controller in another request
$user_id = $session->get('user_id');
In Symfony2, developers can get the request parameter by using the following syntax:
Symfony has following form helper functions for developers:
Using Symfony has a number of its unique benefits, such as:
- Fast development
- Unlimited user flexibility
- MVC pattern
- The stable and sustainable framework
- Better user control & ease of use
Yes, it’s possible to create a request object in Symfony by developers. Use the
createFromGlobals() methods to simply create the request object.