Quality Analyst Interview Questions and Answers

By Umesh Singh
Last update: 30 Mar 2020, 11 Questions

Quality assurance gives a major edge to every software company around the world. Whether it is Quality analyst interview questions or any other technical giant, everyone searches for deep knowledge in software for their companies. It has been seen in QA Analyst interview questions for experienced aspirants that many people fail to give basic answers regarding quality analyst. The importance of a quality analyst in a company is beyond imagination. A single bug can hamper the development of software that took years to build. Thus, a quality analyst has a great career prospect as well as responsibility in every software company.

Here are some interview questions which are often found in quality analyst interview as well as most of the Interview questions for quality analyst in BPO websites.

Most Frequently Asked Quality Analyst Interview Questions

1. Explain the contents of test plans and test cases.

Contents of test plans and test cases include various factors such as :

  • Objectives of the test
  • Scope of the test
  • Testing the frame
  • Environment of testing
  • Reason behind testing
  • Criteria definition for entrance and exit
  • Deliverables
  • Risk Factors during testing
2. Explain Agile testing and its importance.

Agile testing is a software testing technique that uses an Agile methodology. It has great importance in the landscape of software testing as it is quite better from Normal testing. In Agile Testing, the testing method does not wait for the development team to finish the lines of code first before performing testing. Rather, the coding and testing go hand in hand in this process. Agile testing needs continuous customer interaction in the development phase to overcome the defects and bugs instantaneously while coding and development of the software.

3. What is ORM?

In the field of computer science, ORM is one programming technique used for converting the data amidst incompatible type systems with the help of object-oriented programming or OOP languages. This leads to creation, in effect, one "virtual object database" and this can be utilized from within the language of programming. There are free as well as commercial packages available and these deliver object-relational mapping, but some programmers choose to construct ORM tools of their own.

4. What is your process for finding a bug in an application?

First of all, I understand the complete application thoroughly or the entire module wholly, before I began the testing part. Then I prepare some sensible cases to check right before testing, this helps to levy stress on the most useful check cases that include the main risk of applying. Next, I perform continuous checks that too with a completely distinct testing atmosphere. I try to determine the resulting pattern then compare the result with those determined patterns.

Once I have done almost all the check conditions, I do some monkey testing. I use the pattern of check information from the previous one in order to research the required test sets. This is followed by some standard test cases for the bugs found in some entirely different applications. If I am testing the input text box then I insert some tags of markup language due to inputs and then see on the show page, the outcome. This is how I deal with bugs in an application

5. How much time do you typically spend on debugging?

Earlier I used to spent a lot of my time debugging. But after years of practice, experience, gratuitous assertions usage, and good habits of programming, I spend almost negligible time to debug the programs. I have realized that things work quite frequently. It took time to acquire these good habits, but once done it takes notably less time to curate new programs or software products. It is stress-free as well. Plus I get to focus more on other important aspects as well.

6. What is the difference between qualitative analysis and software testing?

The main responsibility of a quality analyst is the keep an eye on the quality of the processes going on while the development of software. Whereas, in software testing, it only works on ensuring the quality and functionality of the final product so that it meets the requirements of the clients.

7. What are the responsibilities of a quality analyst?

Quality Analyst is the person who takes care of whether the testing has taken place in a suitable manner or not. He/she ensures the maximum use of features of software solutions both functionally and technically.

Responsibilities of a quality analyst include:
  • Execution and management of activities to meet the objectives of a test plan
  • Wise choice of processes of high quality to develop the product
  • Ability to analyze the document procedures as well as several requirements.
  • Ability to create, document and maintain various test cases.
  • Documentation and re-verifications of all defects and setting up of priority and severity of defects.
8. What is the key difference between build and release?

Let’s understand what Build and Release are to know the basic key difference between them:

Build: The number provided to software that is installed is handed over to the testing team by the team of the developers(Development team), that number is known as the build number.

Release: The number provided or mentioned on the software that is installable and that is handed over to the customers by the testing team or the development team.

9. Define bug leakage and bug release.

When it is known that the defect is present in the release and the software or an application is handed over to the team of testers is called a Bug release. The priority of the bug is very low during this and because of that, it can be removed before the final handover of the application.

When the bug in the software is discovered by the end-user or the customer and not by the team of testers while the testing of the software is being done, this is called a bug leakage as the bug have been leaked through the process of testing and has been spotted by the end-user.

10. What do you mean by data-driven testing?

Data-driven testing can be defined as an automation testing framework that is used widely to test various input values on the AUT. The values entered are directly read from the files which may include CSV files, excel files, data pools and so on.

11. What are the different types of software testing techniques?
There are many kinds of software testing techniques which include:
  • Unit testing
  • Integration testing and regression testing
  • Shakeout testing
  • Functional testing
  • Performance testing
  • White box as well as Black box testing
  • Alpha and Beta testing
  • Load testing and stress testing
  • System testing