Phalcon Interview Questions and Answers

Last updated on Mar 15, 2022
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Phalcon Interview Questions

Most Frequently Asked Phalcon Interview Questions

Here in this article, we will be listing frequently asked Phalcon Interview Questions and Answers with the belief that they will be helpful for you to gain higher marks. Also, to let you know that this article has been written under the guidance of industry professionals and covered all the current competencies.

Q1. What is Phalcon and why it is used?

Phalcon is a full-stack open source framework written in PHP and C (programming languages). It is the first framework that implements object-relational-mapping (ORM) in C. This loosely coupled framework is based on MVC (model-view-controller) architecture. Phalcon runs on PHP 5.4 and is one of the fastest frameworks. Phalcon can be used for end to end web applications that

  • Need to be super-fast and handle more HTTP requests per second
  • Consume less resource (hardware) storage as the C extensions are loaded along with PHP during the web-server start process and are pre-compiled.
Q2. Explain the features of Phalcon?
Following are the unique features of Phalcon –
  • Fastest full stack framework for PHP
  • Low memory and CPU consumption
  • Supports the standard MVC directory structure.
  • Loosely coupled, the user can use the full framework or use only the required components.
  • Uses Dependency injection pattern for faster location of services
  • First framework to implement ORM (Object-Relational-Mapping)
Q3. What is PHQL in Phalcon?
PHQL is a high-level, object-oriented query language similar to SQL. Phalcon provides a parser written in C that translates syntax into RDBMS. This in-memory parser uses the same technology as SQLite, which is thread-safe, prevents SQL injection and consumes very less memory, thus giving high performance.
Q4. How to increase the CSRF timeout in Phalcon?

In Phalcon, we can increase CSRF (Cross-Site Request Forgery) timeout by increasing the token time as tokens maintain the user sessions. Token time is valid until the session is valid. The session time can be increased by setting session.gc_maxlifetime to a higher value in the php.ini file.

Q5. What is ODM in Phalcon?

ODM or Object-Document-Mapping is the mapping for NoSQL databases. Phalcon can map documents from NoSQL databases through ODM using a unique ObjectID for each object to be mapped. Phalcon’s ODM offers CRUD functionality, events, validation, and other services. The advantage of ODM is that it is a persistence mechanism where an application model and data source have no dependencies on each other.

Q6. Please explain dependency injection in Phalcon?

Dependency Injection (DI) is a pattern through which appropriate objects or instances of a class are created during run-time rather than compile-time. The class, thus, becomes independent from creating the cases and it is the responsibility of DI to know which class requires what objects and provide the same. In Phalcon, the DI component implements dependency injection and manages the global instances of different classes used in the application.

Q7. Please explain Phalcon Routing?

In Phalcon, routing is managed by its Router component. This component allows the user to define and add custom routes that can be mapped to controllers or handlers that receive the requests from the application. The router parses the incoming URI based on the information received.

Q8. How to use session in Phalcon?

To initiate new session,

  • $session = new Session();
  • $session->start();

setting data into session

  • $this->session->set("key", "value");

retrieve session data

  • $this->session->get(“key”);

removing session

  • $this->session->remove(“key”'); //remove particular variable
  • $this->session->destroy(); //remove the session
Q9. What is Lazy Initialization in Phalcon?

Lazy initialization is a technique where a class is automatically loaded by the Phalcon class ‘Loader’ during runtime. This greatly improves performance. Auto loader does this in 4 ways i.e. by registering

  • namespaces, $loader->registerNamespaces(…)
  • directories, $loader->registerDirs(…)
  • classes, $loader->registerClasses(…)
  • files $loader->registerFiles(…)

and then registering the auto loader as $loader->register();

Q10. Which template engine is used in Phalcon? Explain

Volt is the template engine used in Phalcon. It is fast and designer-friendly. Volt views are compiled in php and have many helpers that make writing views easier and quicker.

Reviewed and verified by Umesh Singh
Umesh Singh

My name is Umesh Singh having 11+ experience in Node.JS, React JS, Angular JS, Next JS, PHP, Laravel, WordPress, MySQL, Oracle, JavaScript, HTML and CSS etc. I have worked on around 30+ projects. I lo...