ETL Testing Interview Questions and Answers

Last updated on Feb 06, 2023
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ETL Testing Interview Questions

Extract/Transform/Load, shortly the ETL is a tool that extracts data from the source systems, transforms them into a consistent data type, then loads it into a data warehouse. The ETL testing process verifies whether the complete ETL process is working with its full potential. If you are searching for ETL testing questions and answers for experienced or freshers, we will discuss them for you here further.

The ETL testing is highly required to maintain an excellent confidence level among end-users in the data stored in the data warehouse. As ETL process has some tests, it needs different types of ETL testing procedures, such as accuracy testing, data validation testing, completeness testing, metadata testing, software testing, reference testing, syntax testing, interface testing, and performance testing

Most Frequently Asked ETL Testing Interview Questions

Here in this article, we will be listing frequently asked ETL Testing Interview Questions and Answers with the belief that they will be helpful for you to gain higher marks. Also, to let you know that this article has been written under the guidance of industry professionals and covered all the current competencies.

Q1. Explain the ETL testing operations.

An ETL testing includes:

  • Ensure that the ETL application must report in all the invalid data and replace them with a default value.
  • Confirm whether the data is transforming correctly according to the business requirements.
  • Ensure that data loads at expected time frame to improve performance and scalability.
  • Assay the projected data should be loaded into the data warehouse without any loss and truncation.
Q2. What is ETL partitioning?

The ETL transactions are needed to be divided to achieve better performance. This process is known as ETL partitioning. It makes sure that the server can directly access the sources through multiple connections.

Q3. What is Bus Schema in ETL?

The Bus Schema handles the Dimension Identification across business processes. Bus Schema in ETL comes with a conformed dimension along with a standardized definition of information.

Q4. What is data source view in ETL?

In ETL testing, the data source view defines the relational schema which will be used in the databases of analysis services. Cubes and dimensions are created from data source views, rather than directly from data source objects.

Q5. Explain a few test cases in ETL testing.

There are many test cases available for ETL testing. Here are few best examples for consideration,

  • Correctness Issues: Use to test inaccurate data, misspelled data and null data.
  • Data Check: Aspects regarding the data such as Number Check, Data Check, Null Check are tested in this case.
  • Mapping Doc Validation: Verifies the ETL information present in the Mapping Doc.
Q6. Explain data transformation in ETL.

Data extracted from the source system needs to be cleaned, mapped and transformed before it loads into the target server.


Three steps need to be followed for data transformation:

  • Selection: To select data and pack it in target
  • Matching: Data matching with the target system.
  • Data Transforming: Change data as per target table structures.
Q7. Explain the data loading types.

Data loading process in ETL loads the prepared data from staging tables to main tables.


ETL has three types of data loading:

  • Initial Load: It populates data tables from the source table and loads them in the data warehouse table.
  • Full Refresh: It erases the data from one or more tables completely and reloads the fresh data.
  • Incremental Load: It applies the ongoing changes as required periodically.
Q8. What is ETL mapping sheet?

An ETL mapping sheet contains all the required information from the source file and stores them in rows and columns. It dramatically helps developers in writing SQL queries to speed quickly operate the testing process; The mapping sheet is created by the database designer.

Q9. Name few ETL testing bugs.
  • Calculation bugs
  • Source bugs
  • ECP related bugs
  • User-interface bugs
  • Load conditional bugs
Q10. Mention few differences between ETL testing and database testing.

Here is a list of differences between ETL and database testing.

  • ETL testing is focused on data extraction, transform, and loading for BI reporting, whereas data validation and integration is the primary aim of database testing.
  • Database testing applies to transactional systems where the business flow takes places. Compared to this, ETL testing takes place in an order where historical data is a store.
  • ETL testing includes multidimensional modeling, but database testing takes place in ER method modeling,

Following is a set of most frequently asked ETL testing interview questions which should be must be acknowledged by ETL tester and developers for future interview success.

  • Increases productivity for IT developers. It’s less time consuming, and resource required also.
  • Lower business risk and higher confidence level in the data can be achieved with comprehensive ETL testing
  • The informatics data validation offers visibility and automation for ETL testing, to ensure that tested data delivered in production system updates.
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