What is Active Directory and how does it work?
Active Directory is a database which is used for the storage of objects. Here, objects are human as well as physical resources. This database stores information in the form of a hierarchical tree structure. Information present in Active Directory can be queried by using the LDAP protocol.
The working of Active directory depends on two internet standards namely DNS and LDAP. It provides privacy mechanism (Authentication and Authorization) as well as a framework which provides deployment services.